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Science. 1995 Feb 3;267(5198):685-8.

Association between X-linked mixed deafness and mutations in the POU domain gene POU3F4.

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Department of Human Genetics, University Hospital Nijmegen, Netherlands.


Deafness with fixation of the stapes (DFN3) is the most frequent X-linked form of hearing impairment. The underlying gene has been localized to a 500-kilobase segment of the Xq21 band. Here, it is reported that a candidate gene for this disorder, Brain 4 (POU3F4), which encodes a transcription factor with a POU domain, maps to the same interval. In five unrelated patients with DFN3 but not in 50 normal controls, small mutations were found that result in truncation of the predicted protein or in nonconservative amino acid substitutions. These findings indicate that POU3F4 mutations are a molecular cause of DFN3.

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