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Oncogene. 1995 Jan 19;10(2):319-28.

Elongation and premature termination of transcripts initiated from c-fos and c-myc promoters show dissimilar patterns.

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Institut de Génétique Moléculaire de Montpellier UMR 9942, CNRS, France.


RNA polymerase II seems to be prone to stop at intrinsic pause sites, thus introducing a further potential level of regulation. It was recently shown that RNA polymerase II was held at the P2 promoter of c-myc gene. We confirmed the presence of engaged polymerases in the murine fibroblastic Ltk- and pre-B lymphoid 70Z3 cell lines. High resolution run-on analysis and in vivo permanganate-dependent footprinting showed that this holds true for the c-fos gene in unstimulated cells where a strong block to transcription elongation was evidenced. In contrast to what was observed in the c-myc gene, an even more intense signal was observed in run-on experiments downstream to the promoter, on a c-fos oligonucleotide including position +385 where an in vitro transcription arrest site was previously mapped. Genomic footprinting of DNA from intact cells and isolated nuclei confirmed the involvement of several thymidines belonging to a T-rich stretch in a melted region which was not detected upon polymerase release. In order to observe a short abortive c-fos transcript accumulating in vivo we resorted to microinjection of c-fos templates in Xenopus oocytes where transcripts were stable.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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