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EMBO J. 1995 Jan 16;14(2):286-91.

A dual functional signal mediator showing RhoGAP and phospholipase C-delta stimulating activities.

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Department of Biosignal Research, Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Gerontology, Japan.


We have cloned a novel regulator protein, p122, in the PLC-delta signalling pathway by screening a rat brain expression library with antiserum raised against purified phospholipase C-delta 1 (PLC-delta 1). This novel p122-RhoGAP binds to PLC-delta 1 and activates the phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2) hydrolyzing activity of PLC-delta 1. As suggested by the deduced amino acid sequence, this regulator protein shows a similarity to the GTPase activating protein (GAP) homology region of Bcr and possesses GAP activity for RhoA, but not for Rac1; no guanine nucleotide exchange activity for RhoA and Rac1 was detected. These findings suggest that this novel RhoGAP is involved in the Rho signalling pathway, probably downstream of Rho activation, and mediates the stimulation of PLC-delta, which leads to actin-related cytoskeletal changes through the hydrolysis of PIP2, which binds to actin binding proteins such as gelsolin and profilin.

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