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Endocrinology. 1995 Feb;136(2):705-12.

Regulation of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 receptors by parathyroid hormone in osteoblastic cells: role of second messenger pathways.

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  • 1Stanford University School of Medicine, California 95305.


The regulation of vitamin D receptor (VDR) abundance in MC3T3-E1 mouse osteoblasts and UMR 106-01 rat osteosarcoma cells by rat PTH 1-34, human PTH-related protein 1-34, and agents that activate specific signal transduction pathways was studied. Treatment of these cells with forskolin (FSK) caused up-regulation of VDR, whereas treatment with phorbol esters suppressed VDR levels. PTH or PTH-related protein treatment induced a 2- to 3-fold increase in VDR, which was equivalent to that elicited by FSK in UMR 106-01 cells but less than the FSK-induced increase (approximately 8-fold) in MC3T3-E1 cells. PTH treatment of MC3T3-E1 cells resulted in an approximately 3-fold increase in VDR levels with maximum stimulation occurring at 10(-9) M PTH after 4 h of treatment. In UMR 4-7 cells, a subclone of UMR 106-01 cells that express cAMP resistance due to regulated expression of a mutant form of the type 1 regulatory subunit of the cAMP-dependent protein kinase A (PKA), the up-regulation of VDR abundance due to FSK and PTH treatment was mostly prevented. Pretreatment of MC3T3-E1 cells with staurosporine, an inhibitor of PKC, resulted in an approximately 3-fold increase in basal VDR levels but did not enhance the PTH-mediated up-regulation of VDR. Collectively, these data suggest that the increase in VDR abundance observed in these target cells is mainly due to the activation of the PKA signal transduction pathway. Treatment of UMR 106-01 cells with PTH for 4 h before exposure of the cells to 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 resulted in a 2-fold increase in the induction of 25-hydroxyvitamin D3-24 hydroxylase messenger RNA. Thus, exposure of target cells to PTH augments their response to 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 due to up-regulation of VDR abundance.

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