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Arch Virol. 1994;139(3-4):253-61.

Identification of an N-linked glycan in the V1-loop of HIV-1 gp120 influencing neutralization by anti-V3 antibodies and soluble CD4.

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1
Laboratory for Infectious Diseases, Hvidovre Hospital, Denmark.

Abstract

Glycosylation is necessary for HIV-1 gp120 to attain a functional conformation, and individual N-linked glycans of gp120 are important, but not essential, for replication of HIV-1 in cell culture. We have constructed a mutant HIV-1 infectious clone lacking a signal for N-linked glycosylation in the V1-loop of HIV-1 gp120. Lack of an N-linked glycan was verified by a mobility enhancement of mutant gp120 in SDS-gel electrophoresis. The mutated virus showed no differences in either gp120 content per infectious unit or infectivity, indicating that the N-linked glycan was neither essential nor affecting viral infectivity in cell culture. We found that the mutated virus lacking an N-linked glycan in the V1-loop of gp120 was more resistant to neutralization by monoclonal antibodies to the V3-loop and neutralization by soluble recombinant CD4 (sCD4). Both viruses were equally well neutralized by ConA and a conformation dependent human antibody IAM-2G12. This suggests that the N-linked glycan in the V1-loop modulates the three-dimensional conformation of gp120, without changing the overall functional integrity of the molecule.

PMID:
7832633
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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