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Am Heart J. 1995 Feb;129(2):219-27.

Doppler guide wire flow-velocity indexes measured distal to coronary stenoses associated with reversible thallium perfusion defects.

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Department of Medicine, George Washington University Medical Center, Washington, DC 20037.


A Doppler guide wire was used to measure phasic coronary blood flow velocity distal to coronary stenoses in 17 symptomatic patients with corresponding positive exercise or adenosine thallium scintigrams. Distal average peak velocity and diastolic/systolic flow-velocity ratio were obtained in 16 vessels with stenoses (55% to 85% diameter stenosis) and a corresponding reversible thallium defect and in 11 control vessels with no stenosis or thallium defect. Coronary flow-velocity reserve was obtained with intracoronary adenosine. Coronary flow reserve (2.3 +/- 0.4 vs 1.2 +/- 0.3, p < 0.01) and diastolic/systolic flow-velocity ratio (1.95 +/- 0.56 vs 1.44 +/- 0.59, p < 0.04) were significantly different between normal vessels and distal to stenoses, respectively. Excellent concordance between distal coronary flow reserve and diastolic/systolic flow-velocity ratio to thallium scintigraphy was noted. A coronary flow reserve of < 1.8 and a diastolic/systolic flow-velocity ratio of < 1.7 predicted a reversible thallium perfusion scintigram (concordance 96% and 88%, respectively). Distal coronary flow velocity indexes may provide an alternative means of physiologic assessment of lesion severity during coronary angiography.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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