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Parasitology. 1994 Dec;109 ( Pt 5):611-21.

Cleavage of immunoglobulin G by excretory-secretory cathepsin S-like protease of Spirometra mansoni plerocercoid.

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Department of Parasitology, College of Medicine, Chung-Ang University, Seoul, Korea.


When immunoglobulin G (IgG) was incubated with Spirometra mansoni plerocercoid (sparganum), it was cleaved into Fab and Fc fragments. Fab/c fragments were also hydrolysed. The digestion was accelerated by dithiothreitol (DTT), indicating that cleavage of IgG heavy chain was due to a cysteine protease secreted into the medium. The responsible enzyme, of M(r) 27 (+/- 0.8) kDa, was purified by a series of thiopropyl affinity, Sephacryl S-300 HR and DEAE-anion exchange chromatographies, either from worm extracts or from excretory-secretory products (ESP). The purified, thiol-dependent protease showed an optimal activity at pH 5.7 with 0.1 M sodium acetate but was active over the pH range 4.5-8.0. Its activity was inhibited completely by 10(-5) M L-trans-epoxysuccinylleucylamido(4-guanidino) butane (E-64) and 1 mM iodoacetamide (IAA), but by only 53% using the specific cathepsin L inhibitor, Z-Phe-Phe-CHN2 (5 x 10(-5) M). Partial NH2-terminal amino acid sequence was Leu-Pro-Asp-Ser-Val-Asn-Trp-Arg-Glu-Gly-Ala-Val-Thr-Ala-Val which showed 80% homology to human cathepsin S. Immunoblot analysis showed that sera from infected patients exhibited IgE antibody reaction. It is proposed that cleavage of immunoglobulin by an excreted-secreted, cathepsin S-like, allergenic protease is a mechanism of immune evasion used by the sparganum.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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