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J Surg Res. 1995 Jan;58(1):111-5.

PYY inhibition of VIP-stimulated ion transport in the rabbit distal ileum.

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Department of Surgery, Yale University School of Medicine, West Haven VA Medical Center, New Haven, Connecticut 06510.


Vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) is the pathophysiologic mediator of several small intestinal hypersecretion states. VIP exerts its effect by binding mucosal receptors and ultimately increasing intracellular levels of cAMP. Peptide YY (PYY), a GI hormone concentrated in the distal ileum and colon, has been demonstrated to decrease VIP-mediated secretion in the colon through a specific Y4 mucosal receptor. Characterization of PYY's effect on VIP-stimulated small intestinal secretion may provide a basis for future therapeutic interventions. We hypothesized that ion transport in the small intestine is mediated through a novel Y receptor subtype. We performed Ussing chamber ion transport studies on rabbit ileum using VIP, PYY, and other pancreatic polypeptide (PP)-fold peptides in order to specifically examine: (1) the effects of VIP and PYY on basal and VIP-stimulated short circuit current (Isc), and (2) the changes in VIP-stimulated Isc in response to NPY, PP, leucine31,proline31 neuropeptide Y fragment, ([Leu31,Pro34]NPY) and the carboxy-terminal fragment of NPY (NPY13-36). VIP increased basal Isc in a concentration-dependent manner, while PYY decreased basal Isc. Graded concentrations of PYY decreased VIP-stimulated increases in Isc. PYY added prior to VIP had no effect on VIP-stimulated increases in ISC. Inhibition of VIP-stimulated Isc increases was seen with NPY, but not with [Leu31,Pro34]NPY, PP, or NPY13-36. This distinct pattern of binding affinity characterizes a novel Y receptor subtype. Additionally, increases in Isc by VIP despite pretreatment with PYY suggests that VIP-stimulated ion transport is mediated through mechanisms other than increases in cAMP.

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