Send to

Choose Destination
J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 1995 Feb;53(2):106-15; discussion 115-6.

Custom CAD/CAM total temporomandibular joint reconstruction system: preliminary multicenter report.

Author information

Department of Surgery, Stritch School of Medicine, Loyola University Medical Center, Maywood, IL 60153.



The purpose was to test the outcome of a custom computer assisted design/computer assisted manufactured (CAD/CAM) total temporomandibular joint (TMJ) reconstruction system.


There were 215 patients (13 males and 202 females); the average age at reconstruction was 40.9 +/- 10.3 years (range, 15 to 77 years). There were 363 joints placed, 296 bilateral and 67 unilateral. The patients had TMJ problems for an average of 10.3 +/- 7.0 years (range, 1 to 44 years), and had undergone a mean of 5.4 +/- 4.8 (range, 0 to 28) prior unsuccessful surgeries. Preoperative and postoperative data were collected for up to 48 months using a standardized data collection format. Subjective data related to pain, function of the lower jaw, and diet, were obtained using a visual analogue scale. Objective measures of mandibular range of motion were made directly on the patient preoperatively and postoperatively.


Preliminary analysis of these data reveals a statistically significant decrease in pain, an increase in function, and improvement in diet (P < .0001) from the preoperative measurements to 1 and 2 years postoperatively. There was also improvement in mandibular vertical range of motion. The number of previous surgeries was a strong predictor of postoperative pain, function, and diet scores, as well as of maximal interincisal opening. A life table analysis of failures indicates good durability of the prosthesis over time.


These preliminary data indicate that this custom CAD/CAM total TMJ reconstruction system seems to be useful in the treatment of the multiply operated, and/or anatomically mutilated TMJ.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center