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Eur J Pharmacol. 1994 Sep 15;269(1):115-9.

Role of angiotensin II in extracellular matrix and transforming growth factor-beta 1 expression in hypertensive rats.

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Department of Pharmacology, Osaka City University Medical School, Japan.


The in vivo effects of alacepril (1-[(S)-3-acetylthio-2-methylpropanoyl]- L-prolyl-L-phenylalanine), an angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor, and SC-52458 (5-[(3,5-dibutyl-1H-1,2,4-triazol-1- yl)methyl]-2-[2-(1H-tetrazol-5-ylphenyl)]pyridine), an angiotensin AT1 receptor antagonist, were examined on the cardiac and aortic gene expressions of extracellular matrices and TGF-beta 1 in young spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). In SHR, types I and III collagen mRNAs were increased in the left ventricle, and in contrast, fibronectin, collagen IV, and transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TGF-beta 1) mRNAs were increased in aorta, compared with those in Wistar-Kyoto rats. All the enhanced mRNAs in both organs in SHR were significantly inhibited by the short-term treatment with the above two drugs. Thus, angiotensin AT1 receptor may play an important role in the regulation of extracellular matrices and TGF-beta 1 expressions in SHR.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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