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BMJ. 1995 Jan 7;310(6971):17-9.

Weight in infancy and prevalence of coronary heart disease in adult life.

Author information

1
MRC Environmental Epidemiology Unit, University of Southampton, Southampton General Hospital.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine whether low birth weight and low weight at 1 year are followed by an increased prevalence of coronary heart disease in adult life.

DESIGN:

A follow up study of men born during 1920-30 whose birth weights and weights at 1 year were recorded.

SETTING:

Hertfordshire, England.

SUBJECTS:

290 men born and still living in East Hertfordshire.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE:

The prevalence of coronary heart disease, defined by the Rose/WHO chest pain questionnaire, standard electrocardiographic criteria, or history of coronary artery angioplasty or graft surgery.

RESULTS:

42 (14%) men had coronary heart disease. Their mean birth weight, 7.9 lb (3600 g), was the same as that of the other men. Their mean weight at 1 year, 21.8 lb (9.9 kg), was 1 lb (454 g) lower (95% confidence interval 0.1 to 1.8, P = 0.02). Percentages of men with coronary heart disease fell from 27% in those who weighed 18 lb (8.2 kg) or less at 1 year to 9% in those who weighed more than 26 lb (11.8 kg) (P value for trend = 0.03). This trend occurred in both smokers and non-smokers and within each social class.

CONCLUSION:

These findings add to the evidence that coronary heart disease is "programmed" during early growth.

PMID:
7827546
PMCID:
PMC2548435
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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