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Math Biosci. 1994 Nov;124(1):59-82.

Waning immunity and its effects on vaccination schedules.

Author information

1
School of Statistics, La Trobe University, Bundoora, Vic, Australia.

Abstract

A relatively comprehensive age-specific transmission model is used to determine the effect of various factors on the optimal vaccination ages in one-dose and two-dose vaccination schedules. Motivated by the situation for measles, the model allows the duration of immunity of newborns to depend on the level of immunity of the mother at the time of the birth and allows for waning immunity as well as boosting of immunity by exposure to the disease. It is found that a significant amount of waning of disease-acquired immunity is plausible when boosting occurs but this is not an important factor in determining optimal vaccination schedules. On the other hand, plausible rates of loss of vaccine-induced immunity can have a substantial effect on the optimal vaccination schedule, particularly when there is no boosting of immunity. For two-dose schedules the optimal vaccination ages depend significantly on the level of vaccination coverage achieved. In the presence of plausible rates of loss of vaccine-induced immunity for measles, it is found that the vaccination coverage required to eradicate the disease is substantially higher than previously suggested.

PMID:
7827424
DOI:
10.1016/0025-5564(94)90024-8
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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