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Biochemistry. 1995 Jan 24;34(3):792-800.

Effect of D97E substitution on the kinetic and thermodynamic properties of Escherichia coli inorganic pyrophosphatase.

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Department of Chemistry, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia 19104-6323.


Aspartic acid 97 in the inorganic pyrophosphatase of Escherichia coli (E-PPase) has been identified as an evolutionarily conserved residue forming part of the active site [Cooperman et al. (1992) Trends Biochem. Sci. 17, 262-266]. Here we determine the effect of D97E substitution on several kinetic and thermodynamic properties of E-PPase, including rate and equilibrium constants for enzyme-catalyzed PPi.Pi equilibration at pH 7.2 and 8.0, Mg2+ affinity in the presence and absence of substrate, and the Mg2+ and pH dependence of kcat and Km. We find the major effects of D97E substitution are to (a) decrease markedly the pH-independence rates of both PPi hydrolysis and, especially, PPi resynthesis on the enzyme, (b) selectively destabilize both the EMg4PPi complex and the transition state between this complex and the EMg2(MgPi)2 complex, (c) raise the pKa of the basic group "essential" for PPi hydrolysis and for productive PPi binding by 1.5 and > 2.2 log units, respectively, (d) distort a site to which Mg2+ binds in the absence of substrate such that occupancy of the site by Mg2+ no longer confers enzymatic activity, and (e) decrease the affinity of one of the two Mg2+ ions that binds to enzyme in the presence of substrate. That this multiplicity of effects arises from a single Asp to Glu substitution suggests, in the absence of any evidence for a generalized structural change, a tightly integrated active site in which the perturbation induced by conservative substitution at a single location can have widespread functional effects.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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