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Biochem J. 1995 Jan 1;305 ( Pt 1):51-8.

Autocrine regulation of milk secretion by a protein in milk.

Author information

1
Hannah Research Institute, Ayr, Scotland, UK.

Abstract

Frequency or completeness of milk removal from the lactating mammary gland regulates the rate of milk secretion by a mechanism which is local, chemical and inhibitory in nature. Screening of goat's milk proteins in rabbit mammary explant cultures identified a single whey protein of M(r) 7600 able to inhibit synthesis of milk constituents. The active whey protein, which we term FIL (Feedback inhibitor of Lactation), also decreased milk secretion temporarily when introduced into a mammary gland of lactating goats. FIL was synthesized by primary cultures of goat mammary epithelial cells, and was secreted vectorially together with other milk proteins. N-terminal amino acid sequencing indicated that it is a hitherto unknown protein. The evidence indicates that local regulation of milk secretion by milk removal is through autocrine feedback inhibition by this milk protein.

PMID:
7826353
PMCID:
PMC1136428
DOI:
10.1042/bj3050051
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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