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Anticancer Res. 1994 Nov-Dec;14(6A):2291-4.

Anticancer drug resistance and inhibition of apoptosis.

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GIBSA, Institut Godinot, Reims, France.


Apoptosis is a new concept which could be of great importance in the understanding and treatment of cancer. An important feature is the discovery of inhibitors of apoptosis, because they induce resistance to chemotherapeutic drugs and irradiation. Bcl-2 is the most well known of these apoptosis inhibitors. When it is overexpressed cells are less sensitive to cytotoxic drugs; on the contrary, when it is underexpressed they are more sensitive. Clinically, bcl-2 expression is associated with a poor prognosis in several cancers. Bcl-2 protein, p26-bcl-2, is located in the outer mitochondrial membrane, the nuclear envelope and the smooth endoplasmic reticulum. P26-bcl-2 is an antioxidant; this property could explain the anti-apoptotic activity since peroxides seem to be important mediators of apoptosis. Bcl-2 antisense oligonucleotides are able to reverse the apoptosis inhibition. New cancer treatments should take into account the expression of bcl-2.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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