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Trop Geogr Med. 1994;46(4 Spec No):220-6.

Studies on transmission and schistosome interactions in Senegal, Mali and Zambia.

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University of Gent, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Parasitology, Belgium.


The transmission and interaction of schistosomes in the Senegal River Basin in Mali and Zambia are reviewed and some preliminary field data are presented. In the Senegal River Basin four species of schistosomes are prevalent: Schistosoma mansoni, S. haematobium, S. bovis and S. curassoni as well as the following potential intermediate hosts: Biomphalaria pfeifferi, Bulinus globosus, B. umbilicatus, B. truncatus, B. senegalensis and B. forskalii. The role of each of these species in the transmission of schistosomes in man and domestic stock is discussed. Recent ecological changes caused by the construction of dams at Diama and Mananatali on the Senegal River, such as reduction in salinity, more stable water flow, creation of irrigation canals and development and extension of rice culture, have contributed towards the occurrence of new outbreaks of both intestinal and urinary schistosomiasis in the Senegal River Basin. In Mali, the four main areas of high prevalence of S. haematobium are Office du Niger (irrigation areas), Bandiagara (small dams), Selingué (dam areas) and Baguineda (irrigation areas). Apart from the Office du Niger, S. mansoni infections are rare. Surveys were carried out in the Dogon Country (Bandiagara District) in an attempt to confirm the recent independent reports of the presence of S. intercalatum. Data based on egg morphology and Ziehl Neelsen staining of egg shells suggested the possible occurrence of S. haematobium x S. intercalatum hybrids. Potential factors affecting the focal endemicity of S. haematobium in Mali are discussed.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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