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Radiol Clin North Am. 1995 Jan;33(1):15-29.

Current status of carbon dioxide angiography.

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Department of Radiology, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville.


The current status of carbon dioxide as an angiographic contrast agent is reviewed in this article. The physical characteristics of intravascular carbon dioxide, pertinent physiology, and principles of imaging are discussed. In addition, the advantages and limitations of carbon dioxide are compared with those of iodinated contrast. Examples of diagnostic and therapeutic procedures in both the arterial and venous systems show the utility of carbon dioxide angiography.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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