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Immunol Rev. 1994 Aug;140:73-92.

Role of TH1/TH2 cytokines in HIV infection.

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Department of Allergy & Clinical Immunology, University of Florence, Italy.


Different experimental approaches were used to prove or disprove the "TH1/TH2 switch theory" of HIV-infection. No increase, or even a decrease, in the production of TH2-type cytokines (IL-4, IL-5, and IL-10) by either bulk circulating mononuclear cells or CD4+ T-cell clones generated by PHA stimulation of single T cells from HIV-infected individuals in all stages of disease compared to HIV-negative donors was observed. However, enhanced proportions of CD4+ T-cell clones able to produce both TH1-type and TH2-type cytokines (TH0 clones) were derived from either skin-infiltrating, in vivo-activated, T cells or in vitro antigen-stimulated peripheral blood T cells of HIV-infected individuals. Of note, TH1, TH2 and TH0 clones obtained from HIV-seronegative healthy donors showed different ability to support viral replication after infection with HIV in vitro. All TH2 and most TH0 clones supported HIV replication efficiently, whereas TH1 clones did not. These results suggest preferential HIV replication in T cells producing TH2-type cytokines rather than TH1/TH2 switch in HIV infection.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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