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Biochimie. 1994;76(3-4):217-25.

Processing of viral glycoproteins by the subtilisin-like endoprotease furin and its inhibition by specific peptidylchloroalkylketones.

Author information

1
Institut für Virologie, Philipps-Universität Marburg, Germany.

Abstract

The spike glycoproteins of many enveloped viruses are proteolytically cleaved at the carboxytermini of sequences containing the basic motif R-X-K/R-R. Cleavage is often necessary for the fusion capacity of the glycoproteins and, thus, for virus infectivity. Among these viruses are pathogenic avian influenza viruses, human parainfluenza virus, human cytomegalovirus, and human immunodeficiency virus; it has been demonstrated that these viruses can be activated by furin. Indigenous furin has been identified in T-lymphocytes, which are host cells for HIV. Furin has been localized in the TGN and on the surface of cells after vectorial expression. Peptidylchloroalkylketones have been designed that inhibit with high specificity cleavage and fusion activity of viral glycoproteins, as well as virus replication.

PMID:
7819326
DOI:
10.1016/0300-9084(94)90149-x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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