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J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 1995 Jan;50A(1):B40-7.

Effects of aging and caloric restriction on extracellular matrix biosynthesis in a model of injury repair in rats.

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Department of Internal Medicine, University of California, Davis.


This study was designed to investigate the effects of aging and caloric restriction on collagen deposition in a model of wound healing. Polyvinyl alcohol sponges were implanted in Fischer 344 rats aged 6, 10, or 24 months. Sponges were removed after 7, 10, or 14 days and analyzed for hydroxyproline content and for enzymatic crosslinks. Aging was associated with a decrease in collagen accumulation as well as a delay in reaching peak rates of collagen accumulation. Levels of enzymatic crosslinks were increased in granulation tissue from old animals relative to young animals. Caloric restriction (60% of ad libitum intake) maintained only during the 2-week experimental period did not affect collagen accumulation, but did result in decreased levels of the difunctional crosslink dihydroxylysinonor-leucine (DHLNL) in sponges implanted for 10 days, but not 14 days. Caloric restriction initiated 4 months before sponges were implanted resulted in decreased collagen accumulation and decreases in DHLNL at all implantation times. These studies suggest that: (1) aging affects total collagen production as well as rate of collagen production in response to injury; (2) aging is not associated with impaired crosslinking in granulation tissue; (3) chronic caloric restriction is associated with decreased collagen production and decreased levels of DHLNL; (4) the adverse effects of chronic caloric restriction on wound healing may have a greater impact on wound healing in old animals.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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