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AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 1994 Aug;10(8):1031-7.

HIV type 2 proviral load measured by quantitative polymerase chain reaction correlates with CD4+ lymphopenia in HIV type 2-infected individuals.

Author information

1
Division of Virology, University College London Medical School, England.

Abstract

The efficiency of detection of 2 sets of primer pairs from putatively conserved regions of the human immunodeficiency virus type 2 (HIV-2) genome were assessed in 86 seropositive individuals from The Gambia by nested polymerase chain reaction (PCR). HIV-2 long terminal repeat (LTR) target sequences were detected in DNA extracted from peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) in 84 of 86 (97%) individuals whereas HIV-2 integrase (pol) gene sequences were detected in 39 of 41 (95%) individuals. The use of LTR target sequences and recombinant Pfu DNA polymerase, rather than Taq polymerase, in a modified secondary amplification reaction mediated the incorporation of 35S-labeled nucleotides in a quantitative radiometric assay. This sensitive assay was used to quantify HIV-2 proviral DNA in clinical samples and compared well with estimations by limiting end-point dilution of target molecules. A linear response between counts and the number of copies amplified from serial dilutions of pROD10 plasmid DNA (3-2000 copies) yielded a standard curve to allow extrapolation to clinical data. Increased levels of HIV-2 proviral DNA, expressed as copies per 10(5) CD4-positive lymphocytes, were associated with declining CD4 count in 63 adult patients (Spearman rank correlation, r = -0.71, n = 63, p < 0.001) and with the occurrence of HIV-related clinical disease. Kruskall-Wallis analysis of variance analysis showed the mean proviral copy number (log10) to be significantly different between groups (p < 0.001) where CD4 counts were grouped as < 200/mm3 (3.4 +/- 1.05 copies), 200-500/mm3 (2.84 +/- 0.93 copies), and > 500/mm3 (1.88 +/- 0.43 copies).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

PMID:
7811534
DOI:
10.1089/aid.1994.10.1031
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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