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Xenobiotica. 1994 Sep;24(9):893-907.

Metabolism of coumarin and 7-ethoxycoumarin by rat, mouse, guinea pig, cynomolgus monkey and human precision-cut liver slices.

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Department of Toxicology, Wageningen Agricultural University, The Netherlands.


1. The metabolism of 50 microM 7-ethoxycoumarin and 50 microM [3-14C]coumarin has been studied in precision-cut liver slices from the male Sprague-Dawley rat, female DBA/2 mouse, male Dunkin-Hartley guinea pig, male Cynomolgus monkey and man. 2. In liver slices from all five species 7-ethoxycoumarin was metabolized to 7-hydroxycoumarin (7-HC), which was extensively conjugated with D-glucuronic acid and sulphate. In rat and mouse, 7-HC was preferentially conjugated with sulphate, whereas rates of glucuronidation and sulphation were similar in the other three species. 3. [3-14C]coumarin was metabolized by liver slices from all five species to various polar products and to metabolite(s) that bound covalently to liver slice proteins. In Cynomolgus monkey and both human subjects studied, 7-HC was the major metabolite that was conjugated with D-glucuronic acid and sulphate, whereas in rat the major metabolites were products of the 3-hydroxylation pathway and unknown metabolites. Major metabolites in mouse liver slices were 7-HC, 3-hydroxylation pathway products and unknown metabolites, and in guinea pig liver slices, 7-HC and unknown metabolites. 4. The metabolism of 7-ethoxycoumarin to free and conjugated 7-HC and [3-14C]coumarin to total polar products was greater in liver slices from mouse and Cynomolgus monkey than the other three species. 5. With liver slices from all five species there appeared to be little difference in the extent of metabolism of 7-ethoxycoumarin and [3-14C]coumarin to various products in either a complex tissue culture medium (RPMI 1640 plus foetal calf serum) or a simple balanced salt solution (Earle's balanced salt solution). 6. These results demonstrate that precision-cut liver slices are a valuable in vitro model system for investigating species differences in xenobiotic metabolism. Generally, the observed species differences in coumarin metabolism in vitro agree well with available in vivo data.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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