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Protein Eng. 1994 Aug;7(8):1005-12.

Thermosensitive mutants of Aspergillus awamori glucoamylase by random mutagenesis: inactivation kinetics and structural interpretation.

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Department of Chemical Engineering, Iowa State University, Ames 50011.


Seven thermosensitive glucoamylase mutants generated by random mutagenesis and expressed in Saccharomyces cerevisiae were sequenced and their inactivation kinetics were determined. Wild-type glucoamylase expressed in S. cerevisiae was more glycosylated and more stable than the native Aspergillus niger enzyme. All mutants had lower free energies of inactivation than wild-type glucoamylase. In the Ala39-->Val, Ala302-->Val and Leu410-->Phe mutants, small hydrophobic residues were replaced by larger ones, showing that increases in size and hydrophobicity of residues included in hydrophobic clusters were destabilizing. The Gly396-->Ser and Gly407-->Asp mutants had very flexible residues replaced by more rigid ones, and this probably induced changes in the backbone conformation that destabilized the protein. The Pro128-->Ser mutation changed a rigid residue in an alpha-helix to a more flexible one, and destabilized the protein by increasing the entropy of the unfolded state. The Ala residue in the Ala442-->Thr mutation is in the highly O-glycosylated region surrounded by hydrophilic residues, where it may be a hydrophobic anchor linking the O-glycosylated arm to the catalytic core. It was replaced by a residue that potentially is O-glycosylated. In five of the seven mutations, residues that were part of hydrophobic microdomains were changed, confirming the importance of the latter in protein stability and structure.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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