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Pediatr Pathol. 1994 Sep-Oct;14(5):863-72.

EBV-associated Kaposi's sarcoma in a pediatric renal transplant recipient.

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Servicio de Patología, Hospital de Niños, La Plata, Argentina.


A 7-year-old boy had undergone kidney transplantation for chronic renal failure secondary to bilateral renal hypoplasia. He developed acute and chronic rejection and received immunosuppressive therapy. A year later he died with EBV-associated hemophagocytic syndrome. The main pathologic findings disclosed visceral (lung and stomach) and abdominal lymph node involvement of Kaposi's sarcoma and EBV-positive immunoblasts in several organs. In the lungs and lymph nodes these had the features of polymorphous lymphoimmunoblastic lesions. Because of the peculiar distribution of Kaposi's sarcoma lesions a pathogenetic hypothesis is proposed based on the site of entry of the virus. This case contributes to expanding the relationship between Kaposi's sarcoma and kidney transplantation in the pediatric population.

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