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J Hum Hypertens. 1994 Sep;8(9):725-30.

Speed and duration of dose titration with the angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor quinapril: relationship with efficacy in patients with moderate hypertension.

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1
Department of Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore 21201.

Abstract

Most antihypertensive agents, including ACE inhibitors, are routinely dose titrated upwards every two weeks in both clinical trials and clinical practice to achieve control of systemic pressure. Two separate clinical trials assessing comparative antihypertensive efficacy of quinapril versus other ACE inhibitors (enalapril and captopril) were conducted in a double-blind fashion in patients with moderate to severe hypertension already receiving a diuretic (study I: entry DBP > or = 105 and < or = 120 mmHg while taking 25 mg hydrochlorothiazide; study II: DBP > or = 110 and < or = 130 mmHg while taking 25 mg chlorthalidone). In study I, 88 patients were randomised to receive quinapril (10-40 mg twice daily) which was titrated upwards every one to two weeks as necessary to reduce DBP < or = 90 mmHg (titration period six weeks, followed by an additional six weeks of therapy during which open-labelled beta-blocker therapy could be added for nonresponders). In study II, 84 patients were randomised to receive quinapril (5-20 mg twice daily) which was titrated upwards every four weeks as necessary to reduce DBP < or = 90 mmHg (titration period 16 weeks, followed by a 12-week maintenance period). Both cohorts of patients were demographically slightly dissimilar because there were more females and higher baseline DBP in study II versus study I (60% vs 34%, and 115.0 vs 109.1 mmHg, respectively) and more blacks (26% vs. 0%) and heavier patients (90 kg vs. 73 kg) in study I versus study II.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

PMID:
7807504
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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