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Int J Hyperthermia. 1994 Sep-Oct;10(5):659-74.

On the role of hsp72 in heat-induced intranuclear protein aggregation.

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1
Department of Radiobiology, University of Groningen, The Netherlands.

Abstract

Heat treatment of cells results in an increased protein content of nuclei and nuclear matrices when isolated after the heat treatment. This increase of TX-100 insoluble protein is interpreted as being the result of protein denaturation and subsequent aggregation. After the heat treatment cells can (partly) recover from these aggregates. Recent data suggest that heat shock proteins (hsps) might be involved in the recovery (disaggregation) from these heat-induced insoluble protein complexes. In this report, the role of hsp72 in the process of aggregation and disaggregation was investigated using: non-tolerant rat-1 cells, thermotolerant rat-1 cells (rat-1 TT), and transfected rat-1 cells constitutively expressing the human inducible hsp72 gene (HR-24 cells). After heating the various cells, it was observed that the expression of the human hsp72 confers heat resistance (43-45 degrees C). Heat-induced intranuclear protein aggregation was less in HR and rat-1 TT cells as compared to nontolerant rat-1 cells. After heat treatments leading to the same initial intranuclear protein aggregation, rat-1 TT cells recovered more rapidly from these aggregates, while HR cells recovered at the same rate as nontolerant rat-1 cells. Our data suggest that increased levels of hsp72 can confer heat resistance at the level of initial (nuclear) heat damage. Elevated levels of hsp72 alone, however, do not enable cells to recover more rapidly from heat-induced intranuclear protein aggregates.

PMID:
7806923
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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