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Chin Med J (Engl). 1994 Sep;107(9):709-11.

The infectivity of gametocytes of Plasmodium falciparum from patients treated with artemisinin.

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Sanya Tropical Medicine Institute, Guangzhou College of Traditional Chinese Medicine.


Twenty-seven patients with gametocytes of Plasmodium falciparum (PF) were divided into groups A, B, and C. A daily dose of 1200 mg artemisinin was given for 5 days to group A, a state dose of 750 mg of mefloquine to group B and a single dose of 750 mg mefloquine combined with 45 mg primaquine to group C. After treatment, the gametocyte count was taken daily, and infectivity of the gametocytes to Anopheles dirus via membrane feeding was also studied. Results showed that in group A, the density of gametocyte and infectivity were significantly reduced on days 4, 7, 14 and 21 after treatment; In group B, the gametocytes were significantly reduced on days 7, 14 and 21 and infectivity was significantly cut down on days 14 and 21 after medication. In group C, gametocytes disappeared in 5 out of 9 patients with failure of infecting mosquitoes in all 9 patients on day 4 after treatment. These indicate that artemisinin can effectively influence the infectivity of gametocytes of PF. Artemisinin is much better in blocking the transmission of PF malaria than mefloquine.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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