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Can J Microbiol. 1994 Nov;40(11):930-6.

Cysteine protease activity of streptococcal pyrogenic exotoxin B.

Author information

1
Department of Microbiology, School of Dentistry, Iwate Medical University, Morioka, Japan.

Abstract

Streptococcal pyrogenic exotoxin B (SPE B) was purified and its protease and mitogenic activities were investigated. The apparent molecular mass of SPE B purified in the presence of iodoacetic acid was 42 kDa, whereas 29-kDa SPE B was predominant without the reagent. A polyclonal antibody raised against the 29-kDa species reacted with both species, indicating that the 42-kDa species was a precursor of the 29-kDa entity. Both the 42- and 29-kDa species enhanced [3H]thymidine incorporation into human peripheral blood mononuclear cells, whereas neither had any effect on T cell depleted mononuclear cells. The 29-kDa SPE B possessed caseinolytic activity, with an optimal pH of 8, and the activity was specifically suppressed by the antibody. A group of cysteine protease inhibitors, but no serine-, metallo-, or acidic-protease inhibitors, limited the protease activity, whereas dithiothreitol increased the activity. The DNA sequence around a putative active cysteine residue was identical among the speB genes from Streptococcus pyogenes R70, NY-5, and T19. Taken together, these results indicate that SPE B is identical to a cysteine protease, streptopain (EC 3.4.22.10).

PMID:
7804905
DOI:
10.1139/m94-149
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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