Send to

Choose Destination
Arch Med Res. 1994 Autumn;25(3):347-53.

Prevalence and detection of hypertension in Mexico.

Author information

Centro de Estudios en Diabetes, American British Cowdray Hospital, México, D.F.


The aim of this study was to characterize the prevalence and detection of systemic hypertension in a low income urban area of Mexico City. The population of the studied area was 15,532 inhabitants, of whom 3505 (22.6%) were eligible for study (men aged 35-64 years and non-pregnant women). Home interviews were obtained on 2810 (80.2%) and physical and laboratory examination was performed on 2282 individuals (941 men, 1341 women, 81.2% of those interviewed and 65.1% of all the eligibles). Blood pressure (BP) was measured using a random zero sphygmomanometer (Hawksley, London). Three measurements were made on the right arm after a 5 min rest, with the patient seated. The average of the last two determinations was taken as the patient's BP. High blood pressure (HBP) was defined as systolic BP > or = 160 and/or diastolic BP > or = 95 mmHg, or if the patient was taking antihypertensive therapy regardless of the blood pressure value. A total of 216 subjects (77 men, 139 women) met criteria for HBP. In the 35-44 age group, prevalence for men was 4.16% and for women 3.06%. In the 44-55 age groups the prevalence for men was 7.81% and for women 12.55%. In the 55-64 year group the prevalence for men was 16.51% and for women 22.2%. Obesity was associated with HBP (body mass index in men with HBP was 28.9 kg/m2 vs. without 26.9 kg/m2, p < 0.001; women with HBP, 30.8 kg/m2 vs. without 28.5 kg/m2, p < 0.001.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Loading ...
Support Center