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Dev Dyn. 1994 Sep;201(1):86-94.

Caenorhabditis elegans sqt-3 mutants have mutations in the col-1 collagen gene.

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Department of Biology, Haverford College, Pennsylvania 19041.


sqt-3 mutants of Caenorhabditis elegans form dumpy larvae and adults and display allele-specific defects in locomotion, fertility, and viability. We have determined that the sqt-3 locus encodes COL-1 collagen. We physically mapped the col-1 gene to a cosmid on chromosome V whose position is consistent with the location of the sqt-3 gene. We also observed morphological defects in sqt-3 mutants at stages that correlate with the mRNA expression patterns of col-1. Sequence analysis of the col-1 gene in the three temperature-sensitive mutants revealed that each allele of sqt-3 has a unique missense mutation causing arginine or glutamic acid to replace glycine in a Gly-X-Y triple helical domain. These glycine substitutions may result in longer non-collagenous domains, which may decrease the thermal stability or impart additional flexibility to mutant trimers. In addition, we describe four corrections to the published sequence of col-1, including one fifteen nucleotide addition that completes a conserved domain in the amino terminal coding region.

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