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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1994 Dec 15;205(2):1431-7.

Brain uptake of circulating apolipoproteins J and E complexed to Alzheimer's amyloid beta.

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Department of Neurological Surgery, Childrens Hospital Los Angeles, USC School of Medicine 90033.


Amyloid beta (A beta) is a fibrillar component in Alzheimers' disease amyloid deposits and a soluble peptide (sA beta) normally present in body fluids. We have recently reported that the blood-brain barrier (BBB) has a capability to control cerebrovascular sequestration and transport of circulating sA beta. In this study, we examined whether two circulating amyloid-associated proteins shown to bind sA beta, apolipoproteins J (apo J) and E (apo E), can cross the BBB alone and/or complexed to a synthetic peptide homologous to a major form of sA beta, sA beta 1-40. Brain perfusion experiments in guinea pigs showed significant uptake of both apo J and sA beta 1-40-apo J complexes. In contrast, blood-brain transport of sA beta 1-40-apo E was negligible, while apo E had a limited access across the BBB, indicating that the apo E found within the brain is produced locally. It is concluded that sA beta 1-40 binding to apo J and apo E results in significant (> 100-fold) difference in brain uptake of their respective complexes. We hypothesize that in normal brain apo J facilitates sA beta transport.

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