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Proc Soc Exp Biol Med. 1994 Dec;207(3):309-16.

Intestinal oxygen uptake and glucose metabolism during nutrient absorption in the pig.

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1
Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, Unité d'Ecologie et de Physiologie du Système Digestif, Jouy-en-Josas, France.

Abstract

Intestinal transport of nutrients coincides with their partial catabolism in the gut. The aim of the present study was to measure intestinal oxygen consumption and nutrient metabolism after a meal or during a short fast. Nutrient and oxygen balances across the small intestine were measured in conscious 50 kg (live wt) pigs. Jejunal enterocytes were also isolated from 1-hr postprandial, postabsorptive, or 3-day fasted pigs, in order to evaluate their capacities to metabolize 5 mM glucose and 2 mM glutamine. Whatever the nutritional state, intestinal oxygen consumption was high, since 26 +/- 2% (n = 6) of the oxygen arterial supply was extracted by the small intestine. Furthermore, the consumption of a mixed meal induced a rapid and transient rise in oxygen consumption. In the postabsorptive state, the intestinal uptake of glucose (0.31 +/- 0.08 mmole/min, n = 6) was twice higher than that of glutamine. The role of glucose as a fuel was also evidenced after a 3-day fast. During nutrient absorption, glutamine was highly utilized, and lactate was produced. The capacity of enterocytes isolated from fed pigs to metabolize glucose was dramatically reduced, as was 6-phosphofructo 1-kinase activity. In contrast, intestinal muscle presented a high glycolytic capacity from glucose, suggesting that the main site of intestinal lactate production during nutrient absorption would be the muscular rather than the epithelial layer.

PMID:
7800687
DOI:
10.3181/00379727-207-43821
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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