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Pediatr Pulmonol. 1994 Sep;18(3):144-9.

Forced expiratory maneuvers in children aged 3 to 5 years.

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1
Department of Pediatrics, New York Medical College, Valhalla.

Abstract

There is no consensus about reproducibility and reliability of spirometry in young children. We evaluated forced expiratory maneuvers from 98 children aged 3 to 5 years with a variety of respiratory disorders before and after bronchodilator treatment. Forced vital capacity (FVC) and forced expiratory volume in 1 sec (FEV1) were analyzed for reproducibility by the American Thoracic Society criteria and for reliability based on the coefficient of variation (CV%). Over 90% of the patients cooperated, however, while 95% could exhale for at least 1 second, very few generated an FEV1 on all 6 "best" efforts. This clearly improved with age. Of all patients nearly 60% performed reproducible pre- and postbronchodilator sets of FVC but only 32% performed reproducible sets of FEV1. Based on the CV%, those patients who could reproducibly perform an FVC and FEV1 did it quite reliably (mean CV%, 9.38 and 7.01 for FVC and FEV1, respectively). We conclude that while some very young children can perform spirometry, reliability of performance cannot be assumed in this age group.

PMID:
7800430
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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