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J Invest Dermatol. 1995 Jan;104(1):3-6.

Interleukin-10 production by cultured human keratinocytes: regulation by ultraviolet B and ultraviolet A1 radiation.

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1
Department of Dermatology, Heinrich-Heine-University Düsseldorf, Germany.

Abstract

Keratinocytes are the primary cellular target for ultraviolet radiation in human skin, and ultraviolet radiation-induced therapeutical effects may thus be mediated by keratinocyte-derived, antiinflammatory mediators. Interleukin-10 is capable of exerting antiinflammatory effects by virtue of its capacity to suppress the production of interferon-gamma. The present study therefore assessed the ability of cultured human keratinocytes to produce interleukin-10 following ultraviolet irradiation. Exposure of long-term cultured normal human keratinocytes to ultraviolet B (280-320 nm) or to ultraviolet A1 (340-400 nm) radiation caused a time- and dose-dependent induction of interleukin-10 mRNA expression and interleukin-10 protein secretion, with ultraviolet A1 radiation being the strongest stimulus. Ultraviolet radiation-induced interleukin-10 production by normal human keratinocytes was enhanced by a factor of two, when cells were cultured in high- rather than low-calcium medium. Neither addition of the ultraviolet radiation-inducible cytokines tumor necrosis factor-alpha or interleukin-1 alpha to unirradiated keratinocytes nor presence of their respective neutralizing antibodies in cultures of irradiated keratinocytes induced or inhibited interleukin-10 synthesis. Modulation of eicosanoid production by addition of prostaglandin E2 to keratinocyte cultures or disturbance of cyclooxygenase activity by indomethacin did not affect interleukin-10 production in resting or irradiated cells. These studies demonstrate that cultured human keratinocytes are capable of producing interleukin-10. Human keratinocyte interleukin-10 production is dependent on the differentiation state of the cell and induced by ultraviolet B and, in particular, ultraviolet A1 radiation exposure. This novel property of ultraviolet radiation may account at least in part for the efficacy of phototherapy in inflammatory skin diseases.

PMID:
7798637
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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