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J Infect Dis. 1995 Jul;172(1):250-3.

Replication of influenza A viruses in a green monkey kidney continuous cell line (Vero).

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Department of Virology and Molecular Biology, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, University of Tennessee, Memphis 38101, USA.


A Vero cell line was investigated as a suitable host system for primary isolation and cultivation of influenza A viruses. The efficiency of primary isolation for currently circulating (H3N2) strains was similar in Vero and MDCK cells. Of 72 egg-adapted strains investigated, 90.3% were detectable hy hemagglutinin (HA) titration in Vero cells after the first passage and 51.4% after the second. The amino acid sequences of the HA1 region of influenza A viruses isolated and passaged in Vero cells were identical to those of their MDCK-grown counterparts. At low MOI, high yields of influenza virus were achieved in Vero cells by multiple additions of trypsin to the medium. After 20 passages of A/England/1/53 (H1N1) in Vero cells, the titer of infectious virus was 8.37 log10 TCID50/mL, and virus protein yields were as high as in MDCK cells.

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