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J Infect Dis. 1995 Jul;172(1):211-6.

Crude extract and recombinant protein of Cryptosporidium parvum oocysts induce proliferation of human peripheral blood mononuclear cells in vitro.

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Laboratory of Parasitology, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy.


Cryptosporidium parvum preparations were studied for their ability to induce specific proliferation of cultured human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from both immunocompetent and human immunodeficiency virus-positive persons, some of whom had transient cryptosporidiosis. The proliferation of PBMC from sensitized donors induced by C. parvum preparations was due mainly to antigen-specific rather than nonspecific activation, as indicated by the kinetics of the proliferative response, inhibition of the PBMC proliferation by a monoclonal antibody directed against major histocompatibility complex class II-specific HLA-DR molecule, and lack of proliferation of umbilical cord blood PBMC. PBMC from immunocompromised patients did not proliferate in response to C. parvum-specific antigens. The supernatants of PBMC obtained from immunocompetent donors contained interleukin-10 and interferon (IFN)-gamma after PBMC were exposed to C. parvum preparations. High IFN-gamma values were found in patients who had recovered from cryptosporidiosis, suggesting that IFN-gamma plays a role in resolving this infection.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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