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J Chem Inf Comput Sci. 1995 May-Jun;35(3):633-9.

Bioactive conformations of small peptides: a method for selection of candidates based on conformations of active and inactive analogues and its application to muramyl dipeptide.

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National Institute of Chemistry, Ljubljana, Slovenia.


A method has been developed that selects a subset of candidates for the bioactive conformation based on the comparison of conformation clusters of the active and inactive ligands. Those conformations of the active ligand that cannot be reached by inactive ligands in spatially presenting preselected "target" atoms (conformations "unique" to the active ligand) are extracted. The method is applied to muramyl dipeptide (MDP); the selection of candidates was performed using two of its diastereomers that have no immunostimulative properties. A third diastereomer and a rigidified analogue, both inactive, and the protein-bound conformation of a related peptidoglycan containing the MurNAc-L-Ala-D-Glu sequence are used as test cases; the latter was found to be most similar to one member of the set of unique conformations of MDP.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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