Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Eur J Pharmacol. 1995 Mar 16;292(3-4):271-5.

Effects of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase inhibitors on mitochondrial respiration in ischemic rat hearts.

Author information

1
Department of Pharmacology, Hokkaido College of Pharmacy, Otaru, Japan.

Abstract

The aim of the present study was to examine the effects of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitors on mitochondrial respiration in ischemic rat hearts, and to compare the effects between water-soluble pravastatin and lipid-soluble simvastatin. Either vehicle (0.5% carboxymethyl cellulose), pravastatin (2 or 4 mg/kg per day), or simvastatin (1 or 2 mg/kg per day) was orally administered for 3 weeks. Ischemia was induced by ligating the aorta for 60 min in anesthetized open chest rats under artificial respiration. The hearts were removed, mitochondria were isolated, and the respiration was determined by polarography using glutamate and succinate as substrates. When succinate was used as a substrate, the ADP-stimulated respiration (QO3) and ATP production per unit oxygen (ADP/O ratio) were decreased by ischemia. The decreases in QO3 and ADP/O ratio in the pravastatin- and simvastatin-treated groups appeared to be more prominent than those in the vehicle-treated group. This was especially true in the simvastatin-treated group. The ADP-limited respiration (QO4) with succinate in the vehicle-treated heart was slightly increased by ischemia, while that in the pravastatin- or simvastatin-treated hearts was decreased. In conclusion, HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors may result in worsening of myocardial mitochondrial respiration during ischemia.

PMID:
7796866
DOI:
10.1016/0926-6917(95)90032-2
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Loading ...
Support Center