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Ann Epidemiol. 1995 Mar;5(2):130-9.

Design of a multicenter trial to evaluate long-term life-style intervention in adults with high-normal blood pressure levels. Trials of Hypertension Prevention (phase II). Trials of Hypertension Prevention (TOHP) Collaborative Research Group.

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Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA 02215-1204, USA.


Phase II of the Trials of Hypertension Prevention (TOHP) is a multicenter, randomized trial sponsored by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute designed to test whether weight loss alone, sodium reduction alone, or the combination of weight loss and sodium reduction will decrease diastolic (DBP) and systolic blood pressure (SBP) as well as the incidence of hypertension (DBP > or = 90 mm Hg, SBP > or = 140 mm Hg, and/or use of antihypertensive medications) in subjects with high-normal DBP (83 to 89 mm Hg) and SBP less than 140 mm Hg at entry. These interventions were chosen for longer-term testing with end points including hypertension prevention as well as blood pressure (BP) change based on their demonstrated short-term efficacy in reducing BP in phase I of TOHP. The phase II study population is comprised of 2382 participants (1566 men and 816 women) who are 110 to 165% of desirable body weight, allocated at random to the four treatment arms using a 2 x 2 factorial design. The trial has 80% power to detect an overall treatment effect on DBP of 1.2 mm Hg for weight loss or sodium reduction and a difference of 1.6 mm Hg between the combined intervention and placebo groups. BP observers are blinded to participant treatment assignments. Participants will be followed for 3 to 4 years. This trial may have important public policy implications concerning the ability of life-style modifications to reduce BP and prevent the development of hypertension over the long term, thereby avoiding the need for drug therapy which while effective is costly and may have side effects.

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