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Neuron. 1994 Mar;12(3):541-53.

An ICAM-related neuronal glycoprotein, telencephalin, with brain segment-specific expression.

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Department of Neuroscience, Osaka Bioscience Institute, Japan.


Telencephalin (TLN) is a 130 kd glycoprotein expressed exclusively in neurons of the telencephalon, the most rostral brain segment. In the neurons, TLN is localized to soma-dendritic membrane but not to axonal membrane. In this study, we have cloned cDNA encoding rabbit and mouse TLN. The cDNA-derived primary structure of TLN predicts an integral membrane protein with nine tandem immunoglobulin-like domains in an extra-cellular region, a transmembrane domain, and a short cytoplasmic tail. The distal eight immunoglobulin-like domains of TLN show highest homology with the immunoglobulin-like domains of intracellular adhesion molecules (ICAMs) 1, 2, and 3/R. The structural similarity of TLN with ICAMs provides a new and strong link between immunoglobulin superfamily molecules in the nervous and immune systems. TLN is an example of a dendrite-associated cell adhesion molecule involved in the brain's segmental organization, cell-cell interactions during dendritic development, and maintenance of functional neuronal networks.

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