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J Dent Res. 1995 May;74(5):1179-84.

Mineral distribution and dimensional changes in human dentin during demineralization.

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Chemistry and Materials Science Department, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, California 94551, USA.


Many bonding agents require the dentin surface to be acid-etched prior to being bonded. Understanding the stability and morphology of the etched dentin surface is important for improving bond strength and reliability in these systems. In this study, the atomic force microscope was used to quantify dimensional changes that occur to fully hydrated dentin during demineralization with a pH 4.0 lactic acid gel. A high-resolution microtomography instrument, the x-ray tomographic microscope, was also used to quantify the mineral density distribution in the dentin as a function of etching time. The intertubular dentin surface shrank by less than 0.5 microns during etching, while the peritubular dentin receded at an initially rapid linear rate. The dentin surface retained its initial morphology, although it was more porous with the removal of the peritubular dentin. Beneath the etched surface, there were three major zones characterized by mineral density differences. The first zone was a fully demineralized collagen layer, subjacent to which was a partially demineralized zone of roughly constant mineral density. Immediately following the partially mineralized layer was normal dentin. The presence of the partially mineralized layer could be explained in terms of different transport rates in the peritubular and intertubular dentin.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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