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Int J Cancer. 1995 Jun 9;61(6):848-53.

Colon goblet cells lose proliferative response to TGF alpha as they differentiate.

Author information

1
Department of Medicine, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY 10021, USA.

Abstract

Two cell line models for colon goblet cells expressed 6- to 14-fold elevated levels of the EGF receptor, 3- to 5-fold levels of TGF alpha and 11- to 15-fold levels of amphiregulin compared with 2 cell lines which model colon enterocytic differentiation, suggesting a role for the EGF receptor and its ligands in goblet cell growth control. Two HT29 colon carcinoma sublines were used to model normal goblet cells at different stages of maturation. TGF alpha induced a 2-fold increase in growth of the HD8 subline but inhibited the growth of the more differentiated HD6 subline by 40%. EGF receptors were activated in each line by ligand, but signal transduction varied sharply. Both MAP kinase isoforms, p44 and p42, were markedly activated in HD8 cells for at least 20 min, while only a marginal activation was seen in HD6 cells. In contrast, the more differentiated HD6 cells showed an increase in 105 kDa MBP kinase activity with EGF treatment, while HD8 cells displayed constitutively elevated levels of this kinase. Thus, activated EGF receptors initiated different signalling pathways in model cell lines for colon goblet cells at different stages of maturation. TGF alpha protein levels have been shown by other investigators to be restricted to the top of the cylinder-like colonic crypt, where cells terminally differentiate and cease division, an unexpected location for an epithelial cell mitogen. Our data with model cell lines imply that normal colon goblet cells lose proliferative response to TGF alpha as they differentiate and the elevated levels of TGF alpha at the top of the colonic crypt in vivo serve to inhibit goblet cell growth.

PMID:
7790121
DOI:
10.1002/ijc.2910610617
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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