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Genomics. 1995 Jan 20;25(2):354-9.

POM-ZP3, a bipartite transcript derived from human ZP3 and a POM121 homologue.

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  • 1Laboratory of Cellular and Developmental Biology, NIDDK, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, USA.


Human POM-ZP3 is a novel bipartite RNA transcript that is derived from a gene homologous to rat POM121 (a nuclear pore membrane protein) and ZP3 (a sperm receptor ligand in the zona pellucida). The 5' region is 77% identical to the 5' end of the coding region of rat POM121 and appears to represent a partial duplication of a gene encoding a human homologue of this rodent gene. The 3' end of the POM-ZP3 transcript is 99% identical to ZP3 and appears to have arisen from a duplication of the last four exons (exons 5-8) of ZP3. Using Northern blots and RT-PCR, POM-ZP3 transcripts were detected in human ovaries, testes, spleen, thymus, lymphocytes, prostate, and intestines. The longest open reading frame encodes a conceptual protein of 210 amino acids, the first 76 of which are 83% identical to residues 241-315 of rat POM121. The next 125 amino acids are 98% identical to residues 239-363 of the 424-amino-acid human ZP3 protein. By fluorescence in situ hybridization, genomic fragments of ZP3 and a human homologue of POM121 were localized to chromosome 7q11.23. Taken together, these data suggest that partial duplications of human ZP3 and a POM121-like gene have resulted in a fusion transcript, POM-ZP3, that is expressed in multiple human tissues.

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