Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Fertil Steril. 1995 Jul;64(1):160-5.

Spermatozoa selected by a discontinuous Percoll density gradient exhibit better motion characteristics, more hyperactivation, and longer survival than direct swim-up.

Author information

1
Royal Postgraduate Medical School, Hammersmith Hospital, London, United Kingdom.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine if a discontinuous Percoll density gradient selects spermatozoa with different motion characteristics than direct swim-up.

DESIGN:

Controlled prospective study of the effect of two preparation techniques on spermatozoa from normal semen samples using computer-aided sperm analysis (CASA).

SETTING:

The Fertility laboratory, Queen Charlotte's Hospital, London, United Kingdom.

PATIENTS:

Eighteen male patients.

INTERVENTIONS:

Semen samples were divided into two equal parts. The first part was prepared by a direct swim-up whereas the other half was subjected to a three-layer discontinuous Percoll density gradient centrifugation. The separated samples were then examined at 30 minutes and 3, 6, and 24 hours by CASA.

RESULTS:

Although swim-up selected a higher proportion of motile spermatozoa, Percoll produced a greater yield of motile cells. Straight line velocity was similar for both methods throughout study. In contrast, spermatozoa isolated by Percoll exhibited a significantly higher curvilinear velocity and amplitude of lateral head displacement, which lasted for > or = 6 hours. These changes were accompanied by a significant reduction in linearity of progression. The most dramatic effect of Percoll was to produce significantly greater numbers of spermatozoa expressing hyperactivation. After both swim-up and Percoll there was a decline in progressive motility over the 24 hours, although this was only significant for swim-up.

CONCLUSIONS:

In normal semen, a discontinuous Percoll density gradient selects spermatozoa with better motion characteristics, more hyperactivation, and improved longevity compared with direct swim-up. In view of the relationship between sperm motion characteristics and fertilizing ability, we conclude that the three-layer discontinuous Percoll density gradient be adopted as the preferred method for the preparation of spermatozoa for assisted reproduction.

PMID:
7789552
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center