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Crit Care Clin. 1995 Apr;11(2):347-68.

The critical care management of nonvariceal upper gastrointestinal bleeding.

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Division of Gastroenterology, Georgetown University Hospital, Washington, DC, USA.


Upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage, although accounting for more than 300,000 annual hospital admissions in the United States, continued to have about a 10% mortality rate over the past 50 years. Whether this is secondary to the increasing age of patients admitted with UGI hemorrhage, and their comorbid diseases, is unknown. The major approach to these patients includes volume and cardiovascular resuscitation, as well as surgical and gastroenterology consultation. Both clinical signs and endoscopic features in patients aid in predicting those at high risk of either rebleeding or dying, allowing for more aggressive steps, including endoscopic therapy of the bleeding site and surgery. Improved intensive care measures and endoscopic therapies for these patients may account for the signs of a recent decline in this mortality rate during the past 10 years.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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