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Curr Opin Pediatr. 1995 Apr;7(2):208-13.

Renal toxicity of cancer chemotherapeutic agents in children: ifosfamide and cisplatin.

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Department of Pediatrics, University of Tennessee, Memphis 38103, USA.


Ifosfamide and cisplatin are two commonly used cancer chemotherapeutic agents associated with significant acute and chronic renal toxicity. The clinical characteristics of ifosfamide-induced renal injury are proximal tubular wasting of glucose, phosphate, bicarbonate, sodium, potassium, and amino acids; proteinuria; and decreased glomerular filtration rate. Cisplatin administration may result in a dose-dependent reduction of glomerular filtration rate, hypomagnesemia, hypokalemia, and polyuria. The characteristics of renal toxicity associated with each of these agents are discussed with attention to possible mechanisms of injury and long-term clinical outcome.

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