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BMJ. 1995 Jun 10;310(6993):1498-500.

The analgesic effect of sucrose in full term infants: a randomised controlled trial.

Author information

1
University Division of Paediatrics and Child Health, Leeds General Infirmary.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the effects of different sucrose concentrations on measures of neonatal pain.

DESIGN:

Randomised, double blind, placebo controlled trial of sterile water (control) or one of three solutions of sucrose--namely, 12.5%, 25%, and 50% wt/vol.

SETTING:

Postnatal ward.

PATIENTS:

60 healthy infants of gestational age 37-42 weeks and postnatal age 1-6 days randomised to receive 2 ml of one of the four solutions on to the tongue two minutes before heel prick sampling for serum bilirubin concentrations.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE:

Duration of crying over the first three minutes after heel prick.

RESULTS:

There was a significant reduction in overall crying time and heart rate after three minutes in the babies given 50% sucrose as compared with controls. This was maximal one minute after heel prick in the 50% sucrose group and became statistically significant in the 25% sucrose group at two minutes. There was a significant trend for a reduction in crying time with increasing concentrations of sucrose over the first three minutes.

CONCLUSION:

Concentrated sucrose solution seems to reduce crying and the autonomic effects of a painful procedure in healthy normal babies. Sucrose may be a useful and safe analgesic for minor procedures in neonates.

PMID:
7787595
PMCID:
PMC2549876
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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