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Metabolism. 1995 Jun;44(6):725-9.

Effect of short-term treatment with recombinant human growth hormone on lipids and lipoproteins in women and men without growth hormone disturbances.

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  • 1Department of Internal Medicine and Cardiology A, Aarhus University Hospital, Denmark.


The effect of recombinant human growth hormone (rHGH) on cholesterol, high- and low-density lipoprotein (HDL and LDL) cholesterol, triglycerides (TG), apolipoprotein (apo) B, apo A-I, and lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] was studied in 40 postmenopausal women treated with 0.05, 0.1, or 0.2 IU/kg/d rHGH or placebo for 7 days. Cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, and HDL cholesterol decreased in a dose-dependent manner (P = .001, P = .001, and P = .003, respectively), whereas apo B decreased insignificantly (P = .15). Apo A-I decreased significantly only among women treated with rHGH at a dose of 0.1 IU/kg/d (P = .03). When all rHGH-treated women were grouped together, Lp(a) increased (P = .001). We also studied 20 young men treated with either 0.2 IU/kg/d rHGH or placebo. As in women, cholesterol and apo B decreased P = .005 and P = .02, respectively), whereas Lp(a) increased (P = .05). There was no detectable effect of rHGH on TG concentrations in men. As in women, there was no significant effect of 0.2 IU/kg/d rHGH on apo A-I concentrations. All lipid and lipoprotein measures reached pretreatment levels during the first week after treatment was stopped, except Lp(a), which remained elevated 2 weeks after rHGH cessation.

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