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Mol Microbiol. 1995 Feb;15(3):519-29.

Purification, characterization and mode of action of PdhR, the transcriptional repressor of the pdhR-aceEF-lpd operon of Escherichia coli.

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Krebs Institute, Department of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, University of Sheffield, UK.


The repressor of the pdhR-aceEF-lpd operon of Escherichia coli, PdhR, was amplified to 23% of total cell protein and purified to homogeneity by heparin-agarose and cation-exchange chromatography. The purified protein is a monomer (M(r) 29,300) which binds specifically to DNA fragments containing the pdh promoter (Ppdh) in the absence of pyruvate. The pdh operator was identified by DNase I footprinting as a region of hyphenated dyad symmetry, +11AATTGGTaagACCAATT+27, situated just downstream of the transcript start site. In vitro transcription from Ppdh was repressed > 1000-fold by PdhR and this repression was antagonized in a concentration-dependent manner by its co-effector, pyruvate. Studies on RNA polymerase binding at Ppdh showed that RNA polymerase protects the -44 to +21 region in the absence of PdhR, but no RNA polymerase binding or protection upstream of +9 could be detected in the presence of PdhR. It is concluded that PdhR represses transcription by binding to an operator site centred at +19 such that effective binding of RNA polymerase is prevented.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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