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Lancet. 1995 Jun 24;345(8965):1607-9.

Viridans streptococcal bacteraemia in patients with neutropenia.

Author information

1
Laboratoire de Bactériologie A, Hôtel-Dieu, Nantes, France.

Abstract

Viridans streptococcal bacteraemia is frequent in neutropenic patients. 25 neutropenic patients with viridans streptococcal bacteraemia were compared with 64 control patients. Exposure to repeated chemotherapy or cytarabine were independent risk-factors for streptococcal bacteraemia. The use of carboxyureidopenicillins and a stay in laminar-airflow rooms were protective. In a further cohort study of 49 patients, oral streptococci with the same ribotype as blood isolates were recovered from all 7 bacteraemic patients. The oral cavity is a portal of entry for viridans streptococci bacteraemia in neutropenic patients, especially after oral mucosal damage induced by repeated chemotherapy.

PMID:
7783538
DOI:
10.1016/s0140-6736(95)90117-5
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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